Transfer Printed TilesEdit
The transfer printing method was first developed by John Sadler in the mid to late eighteenth century.
The coming of mass production techniques allowed the Victorians to fully exploit this process which was much cheaper and quicker than hand decorating tiles.
The transfer-printing process started with the design being inked onto a thin piece of paper, either from an engraved or etched plate. The paper containing the wet oil-based ink image was applied to the surface of the tile. This was then rubbed to transfer the ink and the tile was then soaked to remove the paper. Next, the tile was fired at a low temperature to fix the ink and then the final glaze was added and the tile was fired again. Colour could be added over the top of the transfer either before or after the final glaze was added.
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